Sri Lanka history
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) was part of the British India and the Sinhalese is the main population group. During the British reign big groups of Tamils moved to the island to work in the tea industry.
Sri Lanka was colonized by Portugal in the 1600 hundreds and the Netherlands during the 1700th century. The British arrived 1796 and conquered the whole island 1815. Sri Lanka stayed under British rule until the liberation in 1948.
There are two groups of Tamils in the country, one that has lived there for more than a thousand years, and those who came with the start of the tea business. As a minority the Tamil population was favoured by the British but after the liberation they tried to make it right by favouring the Sinhalese population instead.
At that point the Tamils started to work for an independent Tamil state. In 1983 a law against arguing for a split country was carried out and the nationalistic movement started to use more violence in their protests. A civil war broke out between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the government.
18/5 2009 the army of Sri Lanka announced that the civil war was finally over.